Ceramic tiles are most commonly made from red or white clay fired at a high temperature. Ceramic can be left unglazed in its natural color or have a glaze finishing. They are best suited for areas with light to medium foot traffic, and are used for durability and stain resistance. In most instances, ceramic tiles are low maintenance and easy to clean. They are a popular flooring choice in residential homes. Ceramic tiles can be slippery, especially when wet.
There are a variety of floor tiles available for outdoor use, including ceramic, porcelain and slate tiles. The main safety concern with outdoor tiles is that they can be very slippery and hazardous when wet, especially around pool areas or tiles exposed to weather (rain, snow etc…). The pooling of water can create a very slippery surface, so it is important to treat outdoor tiles with an effective non-slip solution.
Porcelain tiles are denser than ceramic tiles. This quality makes them more durable, less absorbent and a good choice for outdoor use in climates with cold weather. Porcelain tiles with a PEI (Porcelain Enamel Institute) rating of 4 are scratch resistant and a good option for residential and light commercial use. Porcelain tiles with a PEI rating of 5 are recommended for high-traffic commercial areas. Porcelain tiles can be very slippery, especially when wet.
Travertine is a natural stone tile that is available in a variety of colors and finishes, including the popular honed (matte) finish. It can be used indoors or outdoors, and in both residential and commercial settings in such areas as kitchens, bathrooms and foyers. Travertine has an attractive natural look, and is very durable and low maintenance. These smooth tiles can be slippery, especially when wet.
Marble is created when limestone is subjected to extreme heat and pressure, and is usually found in large blocks that is cut into tiles. Marble tiles range in size from 2″ x 2″ to 24″ x 24″ squares and are commonly used in entryways, family rooms, hallways, living rooms and bathroom floors. These highly polished, natural stone tiles are chosen for their beauty and elegance in residential homes, hotels and businesses around the world. Because of their highly polished surface, marble tiles can be extremely slippery, especially when wet.
Slate is a rock consisting mica and quartz, which makes it a very hard, durable flooring surface. It is a popular flooring option for bathrooms, kitchens, entryways and basements. Slate is less expensive than granite and marble, yet still offers an attractive look and appearance. Slate’s smooth texture can make it very slippery, especially when wet.
Sandstone is made from microscopic bits of quartz that have been fused together by pressure. It has a unique texture and natural appearance, and is very durable and low maintenance. This makes it a popular choice in kitchens and bathrooms. Sandstone tiles can be slippery, especially when wet.
Quarry tile are unglazed tiles made from natural clay and shale. These tiles are used commercially especially in restaurant kitchens, patios and high-traffic areas. They are durable, affordable and low-maintenance. When used in restaurant kitchens, a penetrating sealer is recommended to prevent dirt and oils from absorbing into the tiles. Quarry tiles can be slippery especially when wet.
Many people prefer polished tiles because the beautiful glossy shine of these tiles is both beautiful and functional. Polished tiles offer protection against stains and are easy to clean, which makes them popular in kitchens and bathrooms. The highly polished surface of these tiles can be slippery, especially when wet.
Natural Stone Tile
Natural stone tiles are a popular option for both indoor and outdoor use. You can find them in kitchens, bathrooms, showers as well as on patios. Porcelain, ceramic and slate are just a few of the many options available today. Natural stone tiles have a smooth surface and can become slippery, especially when wet.